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East Africa

The following territories constitute East Africa:

  • Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi, also at times referred to as countries in Central East Africa or countries of the African Great Lakes region and are members of the East African Community. Burundi and Rwanda are sometimes also considered to be part of Central Africa.
  • Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia are also part of East Africa and is often referred to as countries belonging to the so-called “Horn of Africa.”
  • The Comoros, Mauritius and Seychelles – island nations in the Indian Ocean are also part of East Africa. So to are Réunion and Mayotte (French overseas territories).
  • Mozambique and Madagascar – often mistakingly considered part of Southern Africa, is also part of East Africa. So to are Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
  • While technically part of East Africa, ElicitAfrica has included Egypt as part of North Africa, So to Sudan and South Sudan (relatively newly independent from Sudan) because they are part of the northern Nile Valley.


From the Maasai Mara plains of Kenya to its sparkling beaches, from the mountain gorillas of Rwanda to its stunning Nyungwe forest, and from the misty mountains of Uganda to its mosaic of cultures, East Africa offers visitors unparalleled opportunities for adventure, relaxation and culture. With the Borderless Borders partnership, travellers can now enjoy all three countries with a single visa.

Take advantage of the East African Community Visa. For $100, you can get a tourist visa to Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda. The visa is valid for 90 days and can be obtained at any consular office or the participating nations.


Before travelling to East Africa, consult a doctor or travel clinic to find out if you need to take anti-malaria medication. You should do this even if you have travelled to Africa before, as medications can change. Malaria also develops resistance to drugs over time. Even if you grew up in a malaria area without catching it, there is a risk that you might catch it when you go back to visit because the resistance you might have built up could have dissipated.

It is important to note that no preventative measures are 100% effective but should not be a reason not to travel to Africa. 

Should you suffer from flu-like symptoms such as headache and fever 7 to 20 days after visiting an endemic area, consult a medical professional.

Malaria can be prevented by preventing mosquito bites. 

  • Wear long-sleeved shirts, long trousers, socks and closed shoes in the evenings. Mosquitoes are active in the early evening.
  • Apply insect repellents to exposed skin areas every 4-6 hours.
  • Burn insecticide oils or electrically heated insecticide tablets in the bedroom at night.
  • Spray knock-down insecticide for flying insects inside the bedroom in the early evening with windows/doors closed if there are no window screens.
  • Screened mosquito proof windows and doors and Mosquito nets guard against Mosquito bites.

What form of medication should you take?

The names of medication vary from country to country. We strongly suggest contacting a travel clinic at least one month before you leave for Africa.

Travel to Malaria areas is not recommended during pregnancy.

Also consider that Malaria has a faster and harsher effect in infants and young children.